The six biggest stumbling blocks in cloud transformations

For many companies, the cloud transformation is progressing more slowly than planned and the desired success is not achieved. What are companies doing wrong? The business & IT service provider CGI names the six biggest stumbling blocks.

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The modernization of the infrastructure and application platforms is at the đứng top of the IT agenda for most companies. Cloud platforms & services that promise high innovative strength, efficiency, agility and scalability are becoming increasingly important. Many companies are therefore taking the path to the cloud. The success of a cloud transformation depends on several factors. A structured approach and the avoidance of typical errors are particularly important. CGI has identified the six biggest problems that can cause cloud projects lớn fail.
Lack of cloud strategy
A basic problem with cloud transformations is often the lack of strategy. The goals associated with cloud use are often not sufficiently defined by companies. Such goals can be an increase in efficiency, cost reduction or the use of new functionalities & technologies. It's a good idea to identify applications that will be moved lớn the cloud in advance so that the necessary requirements are incorporated into the strategy. Specifically, it is also about clarifying the following questions: Which cloud mã sản phẩm fits best: private, public, hybrid or multi-cloud? Which cloud service is required: IaaS (Infrastructure-as-a-Service), PaaS (Platform-as-a-Service) or SaaS (Software-as-a-Service)? Should a vendor lock-in be avoided? In addition, the strategy phase should always include a business case analysis with a detailed ROI calculation. Last but not least, what an exit strategy looks like has to be defined – and this point in particular is usually completely ignored.
Click-Click Cloud Approach
A click-click-cloud approach is common. Many cloud providers offer portals through which services can be booked quickly & easily. However, users often vì not kiểm tra whether the offer is optimal for their own company in terms of function and integration options in the application landscape. The costs, own regulatory requirements or data protection aspects are usually not sufficiently taken into tài khoản in a click-click cloud process. This quickly creates confusing cloud environments that are difficult to control later & do not bring the desired cost savings. In some cases, expenses are even increased by thoughtlessly booked tools.

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Lack of change management
Every cloud transformation has a direct impact on workflows, organization and administration. Despite this, many companies overlook the need for change management. For example, if cloud use is only viewed as a purely IT issue, the project is almost inevitable khổng lồ fail. A cloud transformation always affects the entire company & thus the most diverse departments from IT to controlling và procurement to lớn human resources. Cloud transformations are therefore always a structural issue that requires the adjustment of business processes và thus active change management. The fact that cloud use requires adequate employee know-how and training measures may have khổng lồ be taken is often not taken into account.
Transition als Transformation
It is a fallacy khổng lồ equate transition with transformation. A cloud transformation involves more than outsourcing a hệ thống to a hyperscaler. A company can thus relieve the hardware in its own data center or escape from an aging infrastructure, but such a transition does not represent any significant added value. A targeted transformation, on the other hand, goes beyond pure hosting & uses the actual cloud advantages such as economies of scale or time lớn market. Above all, however, it is also about the use of new technologies and services that tư vấn technological change. Examples of this are cloud-native application development & provision, IoT integration or applications in the areas of AI and ML (machine learning).
Not the exception, but rather the rule: In cloud transformations, companies use a variety of tools, from cloud readiness to lớn migration to lớn DevOps tools. Such a toolset is rarely selected after a professional and technological evaluation. It is often not checked whether the necessary employee know-how is available at all for the use. Without a stringent and company-wide coordinated approach khổng lồ the use of tools that focuses on the specific requirements và implementation options of your own company, a cloud transformation will be more difficult than easier.
Lack of governance
Many companies lack a governance strategy – including for cloud use. However, a comprehensive & consistent governance concept is indispensable for the success of a cloud transformation. It includes the exact definition, establishment & monitoring of rules that support the implementation of corporate strategy and offer a high cấp độ of security. Specifically, it is about authorization management with the company-wide definition of roles and the regulation of user access. An important governance aspect is also compliance with compliance regulations, which result from the EU General Data Protection Regulation (EU-GDPR). It is obvious that policy-driven identity management and the fulfillment of compliance requirements are imperative, especially in the cloud context.